Hamadan (also: "Hamedan") is one of the oldest cities of Persia. The former name of Hamadan used to be "Ekbatan", this term is still used to this day for higher quality manufactory rugs from the region (also called "Hamadan Shahrbaf"). Ekbatan was the main city of the tribe of the "Meder". Ekbatan or Hamadan Shahrbaf rugs are relatively heavy rugs with a high pile. The majority of Hamadan rugs are peasant or nomadic rugs - with several sub-provenances such as Bibikabad, Borchalou, Darjazin and Hosseinabad amongst others. Hamadan rugs are mainly woven with the Turkish knot.
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