More about the provenance Aubusson, ca. 1880 | France
Aubusson is the name of a city in the French Department Creuse. The Aubusson rug is a French Gobelin rug with floral decors and a baroque style design. The Aubusson art of carpet making had a decisive impact on the designs of Kerman and Hereke rugs. Nowadays Aubusson designs are often being copied especially in China, but this piece is a real antique Aubusson.
This piece is a Kilim. What is a Kilim? "Kilim" is a generic term for all Oriental rugs which have no pile (also Palas, Sumakh, Sileh, Verneh..) therefore being flat weave. Kilims serve nomads as an isolating and decorative floor covering or blanket in their tents. Many Kilims are as well used as prayer rugs kneeing on them in order to pray towards Mekka 5x a day ("the prayer rug of the modest man"). Due to the technique of their making Kilims almost always have generous geometric designs. In case of a floral design it is mostly strongly stylized. Altogether Kilims are beautiful pile-less rugs with an extra portion of character.
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