Kashmir is the most northern province of India. Since many years it is a controversial and contested area between Pakistan and India. Kashmir has become famous for its traditional printed woolen and embroidered cloths. The often used Kashmir wool comes from the Kashmir goat whose underwool (the fluff hair) is being made into high quality yarn. The beginning of carpet making has a romantic story around it: back in 1398 when the Sultan of Kashmir sent his son as the highest tribute to Samarkand (Uzbekistan). His son was very impressed by the high culture of this city and contacted rug makers who later accompanied him back to Kashmir. Since Mogul Emperor Jahangir (1605-1627) the Kashmir rugs belong to the highest quality Indo-Persian rugs.
This Oriental carpet has a so called "garden design" or as in Persian "Kheshti". The design of Oriental "garden rugs" represents sophisticated garden layouts from a bird's eye view. The oldest garden rugs date back to the 16th century. The legendary rug "Spring of Khosrow" of Khosrow the Sassanide king served as a template. The rugs are divided into fields which are separated by water ditches. The ditches in which often fish and ducks are swimming are flanked by bushes and flowers. Altogether garden rugs are an expression of the special Oriental love of floral beauty which peaked in fantastically laid out gardens.
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