Antique wide runner #38046 Karabagh Caucasus 17.10 x 3.7 feet
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|Country of Origin:
||17.10 x 3.7 ft (runner)
||geometric / allover
||evenly thin, very good condition. This piece has been dyed with vegetable dyes only.
More about the provenance Karabagh | Caucasus
Karabagh is located in the Russian part of Azerbaijan and is therefore part of the Caucasus region. Karabagh is actually the name of a mountain area (with black soil). It has been under Persian reign repeatedly. The population mainly consist of Armenians, settled down Turk peoples and Russian immigrants. The Karabagh area has been influenced heavily by near-by Turkey in the quantity of rugs being made. One typical characteristic of Karabagh rugs is a soft brick-red (also being called Karabagh-red among carpet experts). The designs often resemble the Persian Farahan (Feraghan). Newer production of Karabagh rugs is rather rare, there are mostly old and antique Karabagh rugs found in the market.
This is an Oriental nomadic rug. The word "nomad" comes from the Greek word "nemein". Nomads are wandering tribes, shepherds, stockbreeders, or hunters. In the minorly populated areas of Asia and North Africa they move with their herds, all their belongings and their tents to new places constantly. Many states already tried to make them settle down with various success. Mostly it is the women of the tribes which contribute to the family's income with their carpet knotting and weaving while the men breed stock or go hunting. But due to the circumstances of nomadic life the carpet production often lacks regularity and precision in form and design, which actually adds to their originality and makes them even more popular. The wool is mostly dyed with vegetable dyes.
The wool of this rug has been dyed with vegetable dyes only which became very rare in Oriental rugs. Since ca. 1850 synthetic dyes found their way into carpet production. Ever since they replaced natural vegetable dyes more and more also due to the fact that the production of vegetable dyes is very time consuming and difficult. But the "aura of genuineness" can be reached to its full extent with vegetable dyes only. Vegetable dyes are made from leaves, flowers, branches, fruits and roots. They give Oriental rugs a particularly harmonic look. In general Oriental rugs "age" better and more beautifully with vegetable dyes than with synthetic dyes plus they increase a carpet's value. Most of today's production is made with synthetic dyes which makes this rug an even more desirable piece. Unfortunately many rugs in the market are being labelled as being vegetable dyed which in many colors is simply not true which damages the reputation of the carpet industry altogether.
This Karabagh has a "Herati" or "Mahi" design (has its origin in Herat, ca. 16th century, short for "Mahi to Hos" meaning "fish in the pond"). A rosette is surrounded by a rhombus which is again surrounded by four bent leaves. The name "Mahi" meaning "fish" was given to this design because the leaves resemble swimming fish.